Transvenous lead extraction of broken and abandoned azygos vein lead – case report
Damian Małecki 1  
,  
Witold Orszulak 2  
,  
Konrad Tomków 3  
,  
Dorota Nowosielecka 4  
,  
Łukasz Tułecki 3  
,  
Marcin Grabowski 1  
,  
 
 
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1
1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw
2
Ochojec Hospital, Katowice
3
Department of Cardiac Surgery, The Pope John Paul II Province Hospital of Zamosc Poland
4
Department of Cardiology, The Pope John Paul II Province Hospital of Zamosc
5
Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Lublin
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Damian Małecki   

1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw
Publication date: 2019-12-30
 
Heart Beat 2019;4:40–42
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ABSTRACT
Since cardiac implantable electronic devices are not immortal and resistant to any damage, sometimes there is a need to remove the system. While removal of the device alone is a simple procedure, lead extraction can be challenging for the doctors. In this paper, we report a case of middle-aged woman with broken and abandoned lead in azygos vein, which was an element of ICD system. Due to anatomic complexity of azygos vein, special approach and sophisticated techniques must have been used to successfully remove the lead without any complications.
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